Bangkok is located in Central Thailand, stretching from 13.45 N to 100.35 E. With an overall area of 1,569 sq km, it is the 68th largest province of the country. The most prominent geographical characteristic of the place is the Chao Phraya River that flows for 372 km, caressing the length of city. The presence of Chao Phraya is also the main reason behind the extensive canals (both natural and artificial) and passages that interlace the various districts of the place. Due to the canals and waterways, Bangkok has earned the epithet of 'Venice of the East'.
As previously mentioned; the many canals and water passages of Bangkok,
along with Chao Phraya, highly contribute to the beauty of the place.
However, there are many hitches or disadvantages that these various
ducts and inland waterways pose. Due to their presence and the city's
low altitude - of mere 2m (6.5 ft) above the sea level, Bangkok becomes
susceptible to severe floods. Occasionally, after heavy rainfall, the
water in canals and the river spills and floods the banks.
Even though Bangkok ranks 68th among the 74 provinces of Thailand, in
terms of its size, it nevertheless has the highest population and the
greatest population density in the whole country. The place is
encompassed by Samut Sakhon and Samut Prakan in the south, Nakhon Pathom
in the west, Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani and Nakhon Nayok in the north and
Chachoengsao in the east. Most of the nearby provinces find inclusion in
the metropolitan area of Bangkok. The shoreline extends for a length of