Thailand is home to an enchanting variety of arts and crafts. The profusion of natural materials, like palm leaves, rattan, wicker and coconut, is the main reason behind the availability of a large number of handicrafts in the country. However, what lends the exquisiteness to Thai handicrafts is the ingenuity and dexterity of Thai craftsmen. Preserved and nurtured across centuries, their skills, passed down from one generation to the other, mirror the rich history of the Siam Kingdom. Most importantly, Thai arts and crafts especially seem to burgeon in and around the capital city of Bangkok. In the following lines, we have provided information on the different handicrafts found in Bangkok.
Celadon is high-fired stoneware, with a wood-ash glaze. Originally
belonging to China, it today forms an intrinsic part of Thai
handicrafts. Although, literally celadon translates to 'green stone',
modern approaches to firing celadon have led to the development of a
wide variety of contemporary shades. From jugs and plates to different
decorative pieces, celadon wares are available in a number of designs
and colors today.
Khon masks form a part of the 'Khon Drama', the Thai version of the
Indian epic 'Ramayana'. Amongst all the Thai handicrafts, making a Khon
mask is probably the most complex. The craftsman who makes such a mask
must be skilled at various techniques, including modeling, carving,
sculpturing, painting, lacquering and gilding. These colorful masks are
molded into different characters like demons, hermits, monkeys and other
Lacquerware is an important craft technique of Thailand. Lacquer, or
'rak' - as it is known in Thai, is the resin of a plant. In this art
from, an object is first coated with black lacquer and then, the black
background is gilded with gold leaves. Apart from such Gold-Leaf
lacquerware, multicolored lacquering can also be done. Today, the art of
lacquerware is used to shape a broad range of utilitarian as well as
One of the best bargains in Bangkok is undoubtedly the caressing
fabrics of Thai silk, especially 'Mat Mee' Thai silk. Available in a
wide variety of colors, designs and patterns, it can be purchased either
in the form of ready-made clothes or simply by the yard. Apart from
clothes, Thai silk is used to manufacture different objects, including
gift items like flowers, bed linens, pillowcases, scarves, neckties,
shawls, kerchiefs, handbags, etc.
One of the most magnificent of all Thai handicrafts is the
mother-of-pearl inlay work, with its distinctive style. The most popular
seashell of Thailand is used in this art, known as the hoi fai or flame
snail. From times immemorial, the craft has been used to beautify temple
doors and windows, holy images, palace thrones and other valuable
objects. Today, the craft finds application in making exquisite
furniture, mirror frames, boxes, lamps, etc.
Doll making is an important artistic feat of Thai people. Various
aspects of Thai tradition and culture find skilful representation
through this art. Miniature figures of dolls, molded from fired clay and
painted with vibrant colors, are very popular. Handmade dolls, donned in
native costumes like flamboyant theatrical outfits and colorful tribal
costumes, were earlier made only in Bangkok. However, it has now slowly
penetrated to other areas of Thailand also.
Making objects of neilloware is an ancient art prevalent in many
countries, including Europe. In Asia, it finds place in the culture of
Thailand and India, with each country giving the art a unique form.
Here, the various lines of a design are first engraved in the metal. It
is then filled up with a black lead alloy, giving effect to the intaglio
picture. Generally, neilloware is made of either silver or gold, as the
lead alloy fails to adhere to other metals, like copper or bronze.
Wood Carving has been done in Thailand from many centuries. Thai
craftsmen are especially deft in this art form, handing down their
expertise from one generation to the other. Both males and females are
engaged in wood carving, with men doing most of the heavy carvings and
women doing the less-strenuous sanding and ornamenting. Delicate
carvings are sculpted on laths of raw timber, and painted, lacquered or
gilded. From beautiful picture frames, furniture, figurines and lamps to
utensils, Thai woodcarving shapes various items.