Being the traditional Thai New Year, Songkran Festival is celebrated not in only Bangkok, but enjoys high-spirited celebration all over Thailand. The festival ingrained in the Thai culture holds much propitiousness in the lives of the Thais. Every year, it starts on April 13 and lasts for three days, until April 15. The festival begins with Maha Songkran Day on April 13, which marks culmination of the previous year. The following day, April 1, is Wan Nao, and April 15 is Wan Thaloeng Sok, which actually marks the beginning of the New Year. In Thai, Songkran means 'to move' or 'to change place', denoting the change in the position of the sun in the zodiac.
Originally, the date of Songkran was calculated on the basis of
astrological observations, but now it remains fixed and falls on the
same date every year, thereby coinciding with traditional New Year
celebrations of many countries of South and Southeast Asia. Across
Thailand, Songkran is regarded as a time to honor tradition, community
and family. Therefore, people uphold family values by washing hands of
elders, with scented water. Children smear perfumed water on to the
hands of parents and grandparents and bestow them with gifts in order to
show their respect. Elders of the household also shower youngsters with
good luck and generous blessings.
Rural folks who work in cities make a visit to their homes to spend
time with their families. Many people also call on neighbors and friends
and enjoy various proceedings of carousing. Apart from reveling with
friends and family, another notable feature of Songkran is the act of
throwing water. People douse each other with water infused with fragrant
herbs, as water is considered to cleanse bad deeds or 'Karma'. Streets
remain filled with rovers, armed with water containers and water guns,
waiting to flood every passerby. Moreover, the Buddha image
'Buddhasihing' housed in the National Museum is brought out. People toss
water at the holy image and seek Buddha's blessings.
During the celebration, many people also make it a point to visit a Wat
(Buddhist monastery) in order to pray and give alms to monks. Moreover,
in order to attain good luck and prosperity, people bathe the Buddha
images in these monasteries, with sanctified water soused with fragrant
herbs. In addition, people also ritually bathe household Buddha images.
Thai people go on a painstaking housecleaning spree and discard all the
old and useless domestic items, which they believe invite bad luck.
Thus, Songkran, with its religious importance, domestic significance and
drenching water battles, remains one of the most popular festivals of